There is a lot to planting a tree, especially if you want it to survive for generations. After tree selection, planting correctly is one of the most important things you can do to ensure the long-term success of a tree.
THE HOLE: “Don’t plant a $100 tree in a $10 hole!” The hole should be from 2 to 5 times the width of the rootball of the tree. It is more important to dig a hole that is wide than a hole that is deep.
PROPER DEPTH: The tree should sit on solid, undisturbed ground so it will not sink below the level of the surrounding soil. Target the root flare when placing the tree. The root flare is the part of the trunk that widens into the main roots. (You may need to dig some of the soil away from the top of a nursery tree to find the root flare.) Position the tree so that the flare is at, or slightly above, the level of the surrounding soil. (Do not confuse a flare with a graft union.) A tree planted too deeply will not get enough oxygen. Moisture against the trunk may cause rot.
BARRIERS: Any materials surrounding the root ball are barriers to developing roots. Remove all containers and, once placed in the hole, remove all wire baskets. After starting to backfill with soil, cut away at least the top half of any burlap. Make sure all twine circling the trunk is removed.
WATER: Trees can lose up to 80% of their root system during the process of transplanting. Watering regularly, at least once a week throughout the first few years following transplanting, will help re-establish the root system.
Check out the Community Canopy Tree Planting Deails here including containerized stock, balled and burlapped and bare root.
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